My MacGregor ancestors are known to have come from Kinloch Rannoch, Perthshire and then Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. Before that they were almost certainly in the MacGregor homelands South West of Loch Rannoch. The spelling varies in the early days e.g. MacGregor, McGregor and McGrigor etc. Spelling of first names also varied in the early 1800s as my MacGregor Letters show.



(Royal Is My Race)

“MacGregor” from R. R. McIan’s “Scottish Highland Clans 1845-7

(An old print from Colin MacGregor Stevens’ Collection)


The MacGregors were known as a very fierce clan and suffice to say, they greatly annoyed their neighbours and the government. Tracing earlier MacGregor history is very difficult because the MacGregor name was “proscribed” meaning that it was made “illegal”.  Anyone could kill a MacGregor without legal problems, much like the bounty on wolves. This lasted for about 171 years, from 1603 April 3rd to 1774. Charles II repealed the proscription, but William of Orange reinstated it. The famous, or infamous, Rob Roy MacGregor changed his last name to Campbell during this time. The choice was odd, for although it was his mother’s maiden name, the Campbells were a treacherous clan and were much hated by the MacGregors. Many MacGregors changed their names, and even when it became legal again, many did not change the name back as it had been over 1-1/2 centuries. The Clan MacGregor is now using Y-DNA to help prove lineage for Clan membership, regardless of the present last name. This only works through the continuous male lineage however.

MacGregor means “son of Gregor.” The “Mac” also appears as “Mc” or “M’ ” and all are the same. Interestingly I was taught as a child that our Macgregors spelled their name with “Mac and a small ‘g'”, however this was in error as shown by our old family letters where Mac and Mc were both used, as was a capital “G”.

This Clan Gregor Society website link can give you an idea how complicated it is with the name changes.  www (I have not provided a live link because their website is not secure.



Duncan MacGregor (c. 1792 – 1852 June 22)

kinloch_rannoch_c1907_postcards_bridge&lake kinloch_rannoch_c1907_postcards_cart

Kinloch Rannoch in Perthshire, Scotland, where our MacGregors lived before moving to Paisley near Glasgow.

Duncan MacGregor with a lady who is believed to be his wife Esther HENDERSON, circa 1851-1852. His son Neil, my ancestor, was born of a different, and as yet unidentified, woman.

Duncan Macgregor, father of Neil Macgregor. Woman is likely Esther Henderson, his second wife. Photo taken circa 1850-1852. Duncan MacGregor’s grave is in Paisley, Scotland.

 Duncan MacGregor`s Grave Paisley, Scotland
Duncan MacGregor`s Grave Paisley, Scotland
Grave Duncan MacGregor upper inscription
Grave Duncan MacGregor upper inscription
Grave Duncan MacGregor lower inscription
Grave Duncan MacGregor lower inscription

Close-up of the first part of the inscription.  The stone is starting to disintegrate.

Duncan MacGregor grave bottom
Duncan MacGregor grave bottom left side
Duncan MacGregor grave bottom
Duncan MacGregor grave bottom – right side

Transcription by Colin MacGregor Stevens from photos taken 2006-11-24:

In memory of DUNCAN MACGREGOR, Merchant Paisley, who died 22nd June 1852, aged 60 years. And of ESTHER HENDERSON [his wife] who died 14th April [1857] Aged 58 years JAMES their [son] who died 29th Septem[ber 1869] aged 40 years  Their son PAT[RICK] who died 28th February [1896] aged 68 years.  Also MARGARET ANN LUND wife of PATRICK MACGREGOR Died 26th March 1902 in her 75th year. ELIZA daughter of JAMES MACGREGOR Died 28th March 1876, Aged 11 years. ISABELLA AIKMAN wife of JAMES MACGREGOR, Died 13th May 1910, Aged 81 years. EDITH MARGARET MACGREGOR Daughter of PATRICK MACGREGOR Died 24th March 1921  DUNCAN MACGREGOR  Son of PATRICK MACGREGOR Died 10th March 1944 Aged 80 years and his wife LOUISA MACGREGOR who died 14th January 1950 Aged 82 years.

Duncan Macgregor (circa 1792 – 1852 June 22), a dry goods merchant of Kinloch Rannoch and later Commission Agent of Paisley, Scotland. He wanted to emigrate to Canada but had too much textile stock on hand. His first wife (assuming he was married, no record has yet been found of the marriage or her name), mother of Neil, died. Duncan moved to Paisley, Scotland. Duncan married Esther Henderson and had four more children. He and Esther are buried in Paisley.
Spelling of names:
The names are spelled a variety of ways, even in official records and family correspondence. “Correct” spelling was not important in those days.  e.g.
Niel, Niell, Neil
McGregor, Macgregor, MacGregor.

Family tradition has it that Duncan Macgregor was descended from a nephew of the famous (or infamous) Rob Roy. Research is ongoing, appears that our branch is HOUSE OF GLENGYLE and that we are related through Rob Roy’s wife Helen. Apparent ancestor John GRAHAM of Corerklet was  an uncle of Rob Roy’s wife Helen and therefore of Rob. There is still a lot of work to document and to finalize this.


Niel MacGregor (1816-1876)
 Duncan’s first son was my Macgregor ancestor – Niel MacGregor (1816-1874), who came to Canada from Kinloch Rannoch, Scotland about 1831 as a teenage boy to work with his uncle James MacGregor in Chippawa, Upper Canada (now Ontario).
Niel McGregor’s 1825 Gaelic New Testament
Niel was given a New Testament in Gaelic by his former school teacher. The book was published in 1825 in Scotland and was brought to Niel by his Uncle James McGregor who had gone back to Scotland visit the family.

1828 New Testament in Gaelic - Cover
1828 New Testament in Gaelic – Cover

Scans of part of the 1825 New Testament book given to Niel MacGregor when he came to what is now Canada in the early 1830s.

Covers of the book.  Ink inscription inside front cover. “Dear Niel MacGregor …” but the inscription was partially erased at some time in the distant past.   Title page

1828 New Testament in Gaelic - title page
1828 New Testament in Gaelic – title page

Title page with date of 1825.

Neil MacGregor's 1825 New Testament in Gaelic. This appears the be MATTHEW.
Neil MacGregor’s 1825 New Testament in Gaelic. This appears the be MATTHEW.

Page listing the books of the New Testament, and the first page of Mhata.

Mhata = Matthew
Mharcuis = Mark
Lucais = Luke
Eoin = John

Anne COUSE who married Neil MacGREGOR.
Anne MacGREGOR (nee COUSE) who married Neil MacGREGOR 1848-02-27.
Anne MacGREGOR (nee COUSE) =- back of her Carte de Visite. Writing at bottom by Arnott Hume (Pete) Stevens I believe. 

Carte de Visite of Anna Couse who married Niel MacGregor. Her family was from Clinton, Ontario and had come from Pennsylvania (Mennonite) (Pennsylvania Dutch) and were of German (i.e. Deutsch) origin, apparently from Karlsrue, Southern Germany. They can be traced back to 1607. Her grandparent’s house is the 1816 the Jacob Fry house, now preserved in the Jordan Historical Museum of the Twente near St. Catharines, Ontario.  

Neil & Anne Macgregor with their children, circa 1873
Neil MacGregor family on lawn circa 1873 - back
Neil MacGregor family on lawn circa 1873 – back


Neil MacGegor and family, about 1873, probably at 14 or 16 Welland Ave., St. Catharines, Ontario. Neil is believed to be on lawn chair in the centre. His wife Anne is at the upper right with white cap. Beside her with arm around her is Minnie (Mary Maud Macgregor, who in 1874 married William Steven). The girl in Neil’s lap is believed to be Flo. Anne (daughter) is bottom right.

Duncan MacGregor's Family in 1876 after he died. Composite photo.
Duncan MacGregor’s Family in 1876 after he died. Composite photo.

Composite photo from 1876 of Neil and Anne Macgregor’s family in St. Catharines, Ontario. Photo by J. T. See. Identification by Dr. A H Stevens (1919 – 1985), grandson of Mary Maud (“Minnie”) Macgregor (# 8 in photo ID).  Original photograph is owned in 2022 by Colin MacGregor Stevens.



Anna MacGREGOR (nee COUSE), widow of Neil MacGregor
Anna MacGREGOR (nee COUSE), widow of Neil MacGregor

Niel McGregor’s Story

Niel was later a Deputy-Sheriff in St. Catharines, and Welland, Ontario.  He had a large family, but the line mostlydied out with no males bearing children to carry on the name. One daughter was the exception and I am descended from her. 

Obituary of Neil Macgregor who died on May 12, 1874.

Neil MacGregor Obituary
Neil MacGregor Obituary


Note that the obituary states that he was a schoolmate with Sir John A. McDonald, Canada’s first Prime Minister and with the Honorable Oliver Mowat, another Father of Confederation. His obituary states that he participated in the [end of December 1838] raid wherein British and Canadians captured the rebel supply ship CAROLINE, set it on fire, and set it adrift above Niagara Falls. Contrary to most published reports, the ship did not go over the falls but stuck at the top. She sank and later broke up. The captured flag is in the Maritime Museum at Stanley Barracks in Toronto, Ontario. The figurehead is in a US museum downstream.  This incident almost started a war between the USA and Canada-UK. Research by Colin Stevens has shown that Neil MacGregor was on one of two boats that were rowed up to the starting point at Chippawa whereas the other boats were towed into place. These two crews were fatigued and became separated during the raid, landed on U.S. property, but returned without entering into the action. 

Destruction of the Caroline US fanciful colour drawing
Destruction of the Caroline US fanciful colour drawing

[image to come]


Family heirloom note cut from an old letter explaining where our Macgregor family lived in Southern Ontario. “St. C” = St. Catharines. Dates refer to 1800s thus “53 to 57” – 1853 – 1857. Owned in 2003  by Dr E M Stevens.   Other side of the note.

[to insert photos]

Transcription of a note, probably from to William Arnott Stevens from an aunt or an uncle (they referto “Your mother” or possibly it was written to his sister Edith, who died 1941. The other sister Margaret had died in  1899, when he was a young boy. Transcribed by Colin Stevens who holds the original note. 


*       Mary Maud (?Minnie? Macgregor who married William STEVEN (STEVENS) was born in 1852.

*       St. C. = St. Catharines, Ontario.

*       ?Riflo ???? = Probably a family name, possibly abbreviation.

Your mother was born in St. C. 1852.

The family lived from 53 to 57 in

Beamsville, then in St. C. till 62,

then Niagara from 62 ? 66. After

which St. C. again. Father was sheriff

or something and was moved about.

When Niagara was the county seat they

lived there, then it was moved to

St. C.


now …

is tough down …

these days, and no chance (?) of (?) …

Had an awful time getting away

from Riflo (?) They ?begged + pleaded?

with me to stay all summer and I

know they really love having me

there. I had no definite excuse or

reason for coming away, except that I

don?t believe in staying as (?) long in

….(people?s?) houses. After I got back I

… I had come, as all

… was

The MacGregor Heirlooms

Many heirlooms have been passed down to me. One item I have is the razor that was handed down through Niel (Neil) MacGregor to his daughter Flo Read, to my father A. H. Stevens, to my mother Estelle and thence to me. Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Razor from 1745-1746, presumably after the Battle of Culloden. It is held by Colin MacGregor Stevens (2022).

Medals awarded to MacGregor Brothers. On left is 1885 Northwest Rebellion to Private Albert Macgregor, Winnipeg Field Battery. On the right is the 1870 Red River medal awarded to his brother Pte. James Couse MacGREGOR of the Ontario Rifles. The medals are owned by Colin MacGregor Stevens.
1885 and 1870 General Service Medals to two MacGregor brothers. I am looking for an original SASKATCHEWAN bar for Albert’s 1885 medal as he was entitled to one according to the medal roll but it is missing.
Albert MacGregor 1857-1923 with 1885 NW medal
Albert MacGregor 1857-1923 with 1885 NW medal

The 1870 General Service medal on the right was awarded to “Pte. J. C. MacGregor. Ont. R.” i.e. Private James Couse MacGregor of the Ontario Rifles. They trekked across Ontario and Manitoba and arrived in Winnipeg (on the Red River) to defeat the Louis Riel in his first “Riel Rebellion”. Original ribbon and RED RIVER 1870 bar.

The 1885 General Service medal on the left was awarded to a brother of James, “A. J. McGregor W. F. B.” i.e. Private Albert John MacGregor, Winnipeg Field Battery. They were involved in the Battle of Batoche in May, 1885 in Saskatchewan. He was entitled to the SASKATCHEWAN bar for having seen action, but the bar was never claimed or was lost. A replica bar has since been obtained.

By coincidence, Colin MacGregor Stevens later lived in Winnipeg (served in the militia there), and later worked at Batoche as the Interpretive Officer with Parks Canada.
Another heirloom is a MacGregor ring for use with sealing wax. The crest is carved in reverse. This came to Colin Stevens from his father A. H. Stevens who obtained it from his cousin Peggy, daughter of Flo (MacGregor) Read. A similar ring, plain on the sides and larger, was worn by A. H. Stevens but was later lost.
Colin Stevens’ ring. It has now been dated to about 1875.
MacGregor Family Bible

Niel MacGregor Family Bible – BIRTHS AND DEATHS page 1 of 2. Only the page survives, not the bible. Bible PROBABLY dates from February 27, 1848 when Niel MacGregor married Anne Couse (probably in Ontario).  Detail of BIRTHS section of this page. It starts off with Niel MacGregor, born in Kinloch Rannoch, Scotland in 1816.   Detail of DEATHS section of this page. It starts off with Niel Macgregor who died at St. Catharines 12th of May 1874.

Niel MacGregor Family Bible – BIRTHS AND DEATHS page 2 of 2. Colin Stevens has a photocopy of this page which had survived into the 1990s. Original page MAY be with Dr E M Stevens.  Detail of Niel MacGregor’s Family Bible BIRTHS and DEATHS page 2 of 2.

MARRIAGES page from Niel MacGregor’s Family Bible. Only page survives, not the bible. Page held by Colin MacGregor Stevens in 2003. Niel MacGregor’s Family Bible MARRIAGES page, details.



Last resting place of some of our Macgregors of St. Catharines, Ontario.

Macgregor family tombstone in Victoria Lawn Cemetery, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Off to one side is another large Macgregor headstone that is for the same family, and there are smaller markers on the ground.

To find it, enter the graveyard by the gatehouse, go more or less straight in for about 200 yards and look for huge monument to BEATTY. MacGregors, Stevens and Gardners are just to the right of that.